Cardiovascular disorder or cardiovascular disease is a common term used to represent a wide range of diseases that are related to the heart. Cardiovascular disease also referred to as heart disease stands as a major cause of death for both genders of humans around the world. People who are at a high risk of cardiovascular disease with additional risk factors like hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetics, and high blood pressure will need to diagnose at early stages with the help of counseling or medicines as advised by doctors.
The cardiovascular disease can also be referred by any one of the following conditions:
Atherosclerosis is a state that forms when plaque builds up along the sides of the arteries. This plaque makes it difficult for the blood flow and even blocks in some cases which may lead to a heart attack.
A stroke usually occurs when a blood clot occurs in the blood vessel that connects with the brain. The cells inside the brain will start to die without enough supply of blood.
The reduction in the rate of pumping of blood to our heart leads to heart failure. In this case, the heart continues to work, but the supply of blood to other parts and oxygen will not be sufficient.
Arrhythmia is commonly referred to when a person is suffering from abnormal heart rhythm. The heartbeat rate shouldn’t be too fast (like 100-110 beats per minute) or too slow (like 50-60 beats per minute) which may not pump sufficient blood that our body needs.
Symptoms of cardiovascular disease:
- Discomfort in chest
- Pain on the left shoulder, jaw, arms, or elbows
- Numbness on any one side of your body
- Difficulty in hearing or speaking
- Lack of eyesight
- Dizziness or difficulty in walking
- Severe headache without any reason
- Fainting or pushed to an unconscious state often
Tips to stay away from cardiovascular disease
- Smoking is one of the main causes of cardiovascular disease. This may not show the symptoms at the early stages, but sure at later. Quit smoking (if you have the habit) to maintain a healthy heart throughout your life
- Always make sure to control your blood pressure at a normal range to avoid any type of cardiovascular disease
- The cholesterol levels should be checked and maintained properly
- There is a risk at both extremes of high sugar as well as low. Proper maintenance of diabetes is very important to have a healthy heart
- A regular physical activity or exercise for 40 to 60 minutes a day is very much needed to streamline each and every part of our body
- The diet consumed on a regular basis should be healthy with all the essential nutrients added in it
- The BMI (Body Mass Index) should be always maintained as per the correct formula to avoid any type of health-related issues
- Stress management is very important for a healthy lifestyle
- Make hygiene practice to stay away from any kind of internal or external diseases caused due to external factors