DOES HYPERTENSION INCREASE RISK OF DIABETES?

DOES HYPERTENSION INCREASE RISK OF DIABETES?

WHAT IS HYPERTENSION?

Nowadays due to the change in lifestyle and unhealthy food habits, hypertension has now become a normal and common condition. Hypertension is caused when the force of the blood against the artery wall becomes high. This condition leads to many health problems and heart-related disorders. Blood pressure is determined by two conditions. One is the amount of blood the heart pumps and the other is the amount of resistance to blood flow in the arteries. If more blood is pumped by the heart and if the arteries are narrow it automatically leads to higher blood pressure. Hypertension can be a primary risk for various disorders. Hypertension can lead to stroke, heart attack, and heart failure.

Hypertension can occur without any symptoms. These conditions lead to continuous damage to blood vessels and to the heart. Due to the change in living conditions and unhealthy food habits, 80% of the population is affected by this condition. Hypertension and diabetes go hand in hand. Hypertension is common for the people affected by diabetics. Hypertension can escort to diabetes, kidney failure, and even worse complications when not treated. Diabetes is a condition that damages the arteries and hardens it. This leads to high blood pressure.

WHAT ARE THE COMMON BLOOD PRESSURE MEDICATIONS RECOMMENDED FOR FOLKS WITH DIABETES?

If folks with diabetes are diagnosed with high blood pressure, the best advice doctors will recommend them is to take hypertension tablets as soon as possible. These drugs can be found on the online market also. According to the patient’s conditions, they are asked to take any of the below-stated medicines in order to maintain the blood pressure under control.

ACE inhibitors and ARBs:

In order to keep the blood pressure under control for people with both diabetes and hypertension are commonly asked to consume an ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibitor drug namely lisinopril or an ARB (angiotensin II receptor blocker) drug namely losartan. These forms of medication work effectively on the kidney to lower blood pressure and also it reduces the damage caused to the kidney because of high blood sugar. Consuming these drugs protects you from the risk of kidney failure which actually affects the people suffering from uncontrolled diabetes. As a result of consuming these ACE inhibitors or ARB, doctors usually take a blood test to track the condition of kidneys.

Calcium channel blockers:

Calcium channel blockers such as amlodipine perform well to reduce the blood pressure. This medicine works great for people suffering from both hypertension and diabetes. This blood pressure medicine may cause side effects such as dizziness, skin irritation, swelling in the legs, and few stomach problems. These side effects occur only during the start of the course and it vanishes as you regularly take the blood pressure medicines.

Diuretics:

Sometimes diuretics are also known as water pills. This water pills aids in reducing the blood pressure level by increasing the fluid that leaves the body. The consumption of these pills makes people urinate frequently. This is the best to flush out the diuretic from the body. Consuming this drug causes the electrolyte level to drop which is the side effect of this drug.

WHAT SHOULD YOUR BLOOD PRESSURE BE?

The blood pressure level for people with diabetes should be 130/80. The number which is present at the top is the systolic pressure. The systolic pressure is the pressure in the arteries that arises when the heart squeezes and the blood is filled in the vessels. In simple terms, systolic pressure is the amount of pressure that arises when the blood deploys against the artery walls when the heartbeats. The number which is present at the bottom is the diastolic pressure. The diastolic pressure is the pressure in the arteries once the heart rests between the beats, filling itself with blood for consequent contraction. In simple terms, diastolic blood pressure is the amount of pressure when the blood is deploying against the artery walls when the heart is resting between the beats. The blood pressure is measured in mm Hg. The abbreviation for mm Hg is millimeters of mercury. Mercury is the element that was used in the first accurate pressure gauges. It is the standard unit used for the measurement of pressure. The systolic pressure that is the number which is present at the top is giver is more important. It is the one that is related to cardiovascular diseases.

SYMPTOMS OF HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE

High blood pressure is termed as silent conditions. Symptoms may differ from person to person. In some conditions, it occurs without any symptoms even. Because of its silent conditions, it is advised to do a regular blood pressure checkup.

Some of the symptoms of hypertension may include:

  • Chest pain
  • Dizziness
  • Presence of blood in the urine
  • Shortness of breath
  • Visual changes
  • Headaches

These symptoms need quick medical attention. The occurrence of symptoms for hypertension differs for each person and delaying such symptoms may sometime lead to a severe and worst medical condition. Regular blood pressure checkup is the only way to diagnose hypertension. If you merely have a yearly checkup with your doctor, it may increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Consuming blood pressure medicine and diabetic medicine at an early stage can keep you away from various serious health conditions.

For example, if you have a case history of cardiovascular diseases or any risk factor that leads to the worst condition, doctors might educate you to check your blood pressure double in a year. By doing so helps both the doctor and the patient. It helps the patient to stay away from critical health conditions.

WHAT CAN YOU DO?

Lifestyle changes are the best way to lower high blood pressure. These changes can help with both diabetes and high blood pressure. The things that can help you to stay away from both diabetes and high blood pressure are stated below.

  • Healthy weight range
  • Eating healthy
  • Salt limitations
  • Exercise
  • Reducing alcohol consumption
  • Stop smoking

Healthy weight range:

Maintaining your weight at a healthy level reduces the risk of high blood pressure. People with obesity must reduce their weight which might greatly help if they are prone to diabetes and high blood pressure. Losing weight for the people suffering from diabetes can greatly help in reducing their blood sugar level and block them from any serious damage.

Eating healthy:

A healthy food style is the universal recommended approach that aids to treat and block high blood pressure. A healthy diet means including more fruits and vegetables, low-fat products, whole grains, and less fat. This healthy lifestyle may reduce their high blood pressure by 11 mmHg.

Salt limitations:

Intake of salt holds the extra fluid in the body. These fluids occupy the blood vessels and thereby increasing the blood pressure level. The recommended salt intake for a day must be around 2300 mg. If an individual lowers the salt intake by 1500 mg it reduces the high blood pressure by 5 mmHg. Salt can be replaced with a different flavor of herbs which automatically reduces the salt intake.

Exercise:

Exercise is the best way to reduce weight and lower blood pressure. Exercise is the best way to lead a healthy life. Exercise helps to remove the extra fat stored in the body. People suffering from diabetics are recommended to exercise regularly which lowers the blood sugar level.

Reducing alcohol consumption:

Consumption of alcohol increases blood pressure. Overconsumption of alcohol rapidly increases the risk factor for hypertension. Alcohol consumption also increases the blood sugar level. Alcohol intake is a high risk for people with diabetics and high blood pressure. People consuming diabetic medicine and blood pressure medicine should completely avoid alcohol intake.

Stop smoking:

Smoking rapidly increases blood pressure and also it leads to many health issues. Say no to smoking is the best way to lower blood pressure. If you continue smoking it may increase the risk factor for high blood pressure and various cardiovascular disorders.

TREATMENT The best treatment for people with diabetics and hypertension is to hang on a healthy lifestyle. As per the instructions both the diabetic medicine and blood pressure medicine should be consumed regularly. These medicines are available online. Online medicine comes with a lot of offers and discounts. Keeping a handy blood pressure monitor and recording the reading frequently also reduces the risk of critical health conditions. Blood pressure monitors are available at online medicine sites. The best treatment for people with both diabetes and hypertension is an ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibitor drug namely lisinopril or an ARB (angiotensin II receptor blocker) drug namely losartan. Apart from a healthy lifestyle, these drugs can be useful to minimize the risk caused due to hypertension. Diuretics which are also called water pills can be used in the treatment of hypertension.

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